3rd french republic

Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The French Fourth Republic was the republican government of France between 1946 and 1958, governed by the fourth republican constitution. If you want a introduction on La Belle Époque, the period of french history from the founding of the Third Republic up to the break out of World War I, during which French blossomed in culture and science that inspired nostalgia up until this day, look no further. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government created in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War, until 10 July 1940 after France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the creation of the Vichy government in France. Most Frenchmen opted for peace, though Paris and certain provinces, such as Alsace, voted heavily for republicans. With Napoleon III abdication following the battle of Sedan, France’s political future was a little unstable, as napoleon III ad left no clear successor. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Catholic Church became deeply involved. Despite its series of short-lived governments, the Third Republic was marked by social stability (except for the Alfred Dreyfus affair), industrialization, and establishment of a professional civil service. The head of the Government of France has, since 1958, been called the Prime Minister of France.. During earlier periods of French history the French head of government was known by different titles. Although the elections returned a largely monarchist Assembly, a Republican, Jules Grévybecame its first President. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A provisional government of national defense was set up in 1870 and took as its first task the continuation of the war against the invaders.... A provisional government of national defense was set up in 1870 and took as its first task the continuation of the war against the invaders. His task was complicated by the advance of the Prussian forces, which, by September 23, surrounded and besieged Paris. Gambetta, a young Parisian lawyer of provincial origin, had been elected to the Corps Législatif in 1869 and had already made his mark through his energy and eloquence. The French government was established at Versai… The Third French Republic governed France from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War until the seizure of power by Charles de Gaulle in 1922. Composed of the deputies representing Paris and formally headed by General Louis-Jules Trochu, the new government’s most forceful…, The obvious intent of the two armistices was to reduce France to utter subjection, primarily to Germany. The Third Republic, in line with the imperialistic ethos of the day sweeping Europe, developed a worldwide network of colonies. France, officially the Third French Republic , is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. Composed of the deputies representing Paris and formally headed by General Louis-Jules Trochu, the new government’s most forceful member was Léon Gambetta, hero of the radical republicans. That election, held on February 8, produced an assembly dominated by monarchists—more than 400 of them, compared with only 200 republicans and a few Bonapartists. Some French businessmen went overseas, but there were few permanent settlements. Charles de Gaulle came to power in 1922 following the March on Paris, resulting in France transforming into an authoritarian dictatorship. Universal suffrage gave them a new political weapon; France’s peculiar socioeconomic structure gave them political weight. During this time, two parties dominated the government: the monarchists, who advocated the return of a monarchy, and the republicans, who wanted a government based on a constitution and elections. … After the assembly ratified the treaty, the deputies of the lost provinces (Léon Gambetta, too) resigned their seats in protest. The terms were severe: France was charged a war indemnity of five billion francs plus the cost of maintaining a German occupation army in eastern France until the indemnity was paid. Are you an author? Most of the monarchists had campaigned for peace; the republicans had insisted on a last-ditch fight. Gambetta proclaimed the deposition of the Empire at the Assembly while Favre proclaimed the Republic at the Town Hall. The assembly began its deliberations in 1873; in 1875 it adopted a series of fundamental laws, which, taken collectively, came to be known as the constitution of the Third Republic. One provision of the armistice called for the prompt election of a National Assembly with authority to negotiate a definitive treaty of peace. Its missionaries were unattached men committed to staying p… The men of France voted the monarchist party int… French administrators, soldiers, and missionaries were dedicated to bringing French civilization to the peoples of the colonies. To defend Paris, a National Guardwas raised which soon numbered 360,000 men. Learn third french 3 republic with free interactive flashcards. In February 1871, France surrendered and the Prussians paraded through Paris on March 1. Excerpt from The Third French Republic The Third Republic is the child of the Second and the grandchild of the First. During the next four months, Gambetta’s makeshift armies fought a series of indecisive battles with the Prussians in the Loire valley and eastern France. Gambetta, photograph by Étienne Carjat; in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Third-Republic-French-history, h2g2 - The Rise of the French Third Republic, How Stuff Works - History - France - The Third Republic, Jewish Virtual Library - Third Republic, France. When the National Assembly convened in Bordeaux on February 13, it chose the aging Orleanist Adolphe Thiers as “chief of the executive power of the French republic.” Thiers had been the most outspoken critic of Napoleon III’s foreign policy and had repeatedly warned the country of the Prussian danger. The legislative power resides in these two chambersthe Senate and the Chamber of Deputies; the executive is vested in the president of the republic and the ministers. Third Republic. The rest is mere detail. Omissions? It was in many ways a revival of the Third Republic that was in place from 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War to 1940 during World War II, and suffered many of the same problems. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Third Republic is officially established under Thiers after the French defeat by Prussia. The largest and most important were in North Africa and Vietnam. Explore our list of 1870 - 1940 (Third Republic) - French History Books at Barnes & Noble®. Third French Republic (The Anvil series) 1st Edition by Leslie Derfler (Author) › Visit Amazon's Leslie Derfler Page. Its missionaries were unattached men committed to staying p… Gambetta shortly left the city by balloon to join several members of the government at Tours. , with images, characteristics and history of the first Third Republicwas created following the Franco-Prussian War until seizure. 40,000 people died 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War signalled the end of the Second and the grandchild the... Harsh with food shortages and over 40,000 people died the March on Paris, a National Guardwas raised which numbered... 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